Place and Space
This chapter asserts that the mobilization of the daimyo elite through alternate attendance affected the city of Edo, the castle town of one of the most powerful lords in the country. With the Tokugawa's establishment of the shogunate in 1603 and the imposition of numerous controls on the daimyo, including most importantly alternate attendance, Edo was transformed into a national center. Alternate attendance drew tens of thousands of residents annually from across the country and necessitated the establishment of an elaborate network of secondary administrative headquarters for the domains in Edo, where retainers like Tani Tannai could reside. While Edo was not the capital of a unified nation-state, alternate attendance gave the city a high degree of centrality through the forced movement of population to it from across the realm and the mobilization of resources required to support them.
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