This chapter explores the development of alternate attendance. The practice started in the late twelfth century, during which the Kamakura (1185–1333) shogunate's system of vassal services required that its housemen perform guard service, depending on their place of residence, in Kyoto or Kamakura, for varying lengths of time, generally between three and six months. Under the second military regime, the Ashikaga shogunate (1333–1567), the shugo daimyo, or provincial constables, early on performed a kind of alternate attendance to Kyoto, where they were given land grants to build residences. Before long, however, they tended to remain in Kyoto for long periods of time, leaving provincial matters to their subordinates.
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