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Leaves of the Same TreeTrade and Ethnicity in the Straits of Melaka$
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Leonard Y. Andaya

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824831899

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824831899.001.0001

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The Orang Asli/Suku Terasing and the Malayu

The Orang Asli/Suku Terasing and the Malayu

(p.202) Chapter 7 The Orang Asli/Suku Terasing and the Malayu
Leaves of the Same Tree

Leonard Y. Andaya

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter explores the Orang Asli, an ethnic category known as “Suku Terasing” in Indonesia. It provides another example of how a shift in trade affects relationships between groups, leading to a reassessment of ethnic boundaries. Prior to the late nineteenth century, the relations between the Malayu and the Orang Asli/Suku Terasing were marked by profitable economic arrangements. But the transformation of the land from forests to agricultural export plantations removed the relevance of the Orang Asli/Suku Terasing as the suppliers of highly desired forest products. The chapter shows how the pressures of modernity, the nation-state, and the competitive global economy made the lifestyle and economic pursuits of the forest and hill people increasingly irrelevant and undervalued.

Keywords:   Orang Asli, Suku Terasing, ethnic boundaries, Malayu, economic arrangements, modernity, global economy

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