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Leaves of the Same TreeTrade and Ethnicity in the Straits of Melaka$
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Leonard Y. Andaya

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824831899

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824831899.001.0001

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From Malayu to Aceh

From Malayu to Aceh

(p.108) Chapter 4 From Malayu to Aceh
Leaves of the Same Tree

Leonard Y. Andaya

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter details how the Malayu were associated with Sumatra until the rise of Melaka on the Malay Peninsula in the fifteenth century. However, with the capture of Melaka by the Portuguese in 1511, two competitors emerged to claim the mantle of Melaka's successor in the Malayu world: Johor and Aceh. The chapter shows how Aceh prevailed due to its strong economic and cultural links to the great Muslim kingdoms in the Middle East and India. Aceh established new standards of Malayness based on Islam and on many court practices that mirrored the foremost Muslim kingdoms at the time. As the leading Malayu polity, Aceh's new standards were applied along both Sumatran coasts—in the west coast of the Malay Peninsula, and in Pahang on the east coast.

Keywords:   Aceh, Malayu, Melaka, Johor, Muslim kingdoms, Islam, Malayness

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