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Leaves of the Same TreeTrade and Ethnicity in the Straits of Melaka$
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Leonard Y. Andaya

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824831899

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824831899.001.0001

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Ethnicization of the Minangkabau

Ethnicization of the Minangkabau

(p.82) Chapter 3 Ethnicization of the Minangkabau
Leaves of the Same Tree

Leonard Y. Andaya

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter looks at the historical circumstances that gave rise to a separate Minangkabau ethnic identity from the Malayu. Inscriptions, artistic remains, and other archaeological finds indicate that there was a polity in the highlands whose royal settlement was called Malayupura, “the Malayu City.” But sometime between the late fourteenth and early sixteenth centuries, the local identity that had been subsumed by the Malayu began to assert itself. Early Portuguese documents mention the Minangkabau by name and speak of their kings ruling in the highlands. The economic opportunities provided by the removal of Acehnese control and the increase in trade through the straits provided the impetus for the formation of a separate Minangkabau ethnic identity.

Keywords:   Minangkabau, ethnic identity, Malayu, royal settlement, Malayupura, Acehnese control

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