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The Shaolin MonasteryHistory, Religion, and the Chinese Martial Arts$
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Meir Shahar

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824831103

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824831103.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use (for details see http://www.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 22 November 2017

Gymnastics

Gymnastics

Chapter:
(p.137) Chapter 6 Gymnastics
Source:
The Shaolin Monastery
Author(s):

Meir Shahar

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824831103.003.0006

This chapter examines the late Ming and early Qing philosophical and medical dimensions of bare-handed styles, which incorporates a unique synthesis of martial, therapeutic, and religious self-cultivation. Unlike the techniques of the Shaolin staff, which are enwrapped in a Buddhist mythological framework, this hand combat is draw on Daoist self-cultivation. During the late imperial period, Buddhist monks at the Shaolin Monastery were trained in empty-handed styles that harkened back to Daoist physiological and meditative methods. The origin of their technique can be traced to an ancient gymnastic tradition called daoyin, which was integrated into hand combat during the late Ming period.

Keywords:   Ming, Qing, bare-handed styles, religious self-cultivation, Daoist, daoyin

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