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We Fought the Navy and WonGuam's Quest for Democracy$
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Doloris Coulter Cogan

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824830892

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824830892.001.0001

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The Organic Act Becomes Law

The Organic Act Becomes Law

Chapter:
(p.175) Chapter 15 The Organic Act Becomes Law
Source:
We Fought the Navy and Won
Author(s):

Doloris Coulter Cogan

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824830892.003.0015

This chapter discusses the passage of the organic act into law. Early in 1950, the Crawford bill, H.R. 4499, was transformed into the Peterson bill, H.R. 7273. The change of sponsorship reflected the change of political party leadership brought about by the 1948 elections. Peterson (D., Fla.) introduced H.R. 7273 on February 13, 1950, and on February 22, the House Public Lands Committee issued a favorable report recommending that the full House pass the bill. In its report, the committee said that the purpose of H.R. 7273 was to confer U.S. citizenship on the people of Guam, to grant them a bill of rights, to establish a representative form of government in accordance with democratic tradition, to provide effective protection of the rights of individuals under law through an independent judiciary, to define the scope of executive authority of government, to accord the greatest practicable measure of local self-government, and to fulfill the international obligations of the U.S. Government with respect to Guam. Although President Truman signed H.R. 7273 into law on August 1, 1950, the Organic Act of Guam was made effective as of July 21, 1950, the sixth anniversary of Guam Liberation Day.

Keywords:   Guam, organic legislation, citizenship, Organic Act of Guam, H.R. 7273

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