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We Fought the Navy and WonGuam's Quest for Democracy$
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Doloris Coulter Cogan

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824830892

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824830892.001.0001

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Truman Decides by Decree

Truman Decides by Decree

(p.153) Chapter 13 Truman Decides by Decree
We Fought the Navy and Won

Doloris Coulter Cogan

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter details the fruition of what Guamanians and the Institute of Ethnic Affairs had been working towards since 1945. In a letter to the Secretary of the Interior dated May 14, 1949, President Truman directed that Guam be transferred from the Navy to the Interior Department within a year regardless of the status of pending legislation, and that American Samoa and the Trust Territories be transferred within two or three years after that. On May 21, the Guam Congress passed a resolution thanking President Truman for the transfer, “regardless of what [the U.S.] Congress does about organic legislation for the islands.” It was forwarded to the president more than a month later, on June 30, with a letter of transmittal signed by Acting Secretary of the Navy John T. Koehler, strongly recommending that members of the Congress visit the islands before making the transfer.

Keywords:   Guam, President Truman, Institute of Ethnic Affairs, American Samoa, organic legislation

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