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EthnoburbThe New Ethnic Community in Urban America$
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Wei Li

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824830656

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824830656.001.0001

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Ethnicity and Space

Ethnicity and Space

Chapter:
(p.11) 1 Ethnicity and Space
Source:
Ethnoburb
Author(s):

Wei Li

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824830656.003.0001

This chapter examines the field of ethnic geography and the geography of race and racism. It begins with a discussion of two schools that explain the relationships between ethnic minority groups and the dominant group in mainstream American society: acculturation-assimilation and ethnicity-pluralism. It then considers the spatial forms of ethnicity and race, with particular emphasis on two major forms of ethnic concentrations: ghettos and ethnic enclaves. It also describes an influential theory that accounts for the replacement of one neighborhood population by another, namely, the invasion-succession model, and compares it with the downtown versus uptown model. Furthermore, it explores the economic structure of racial/ethnic groups, focusing on three types of ethnic economy: ethnic economic niches, ethnic enclave economies, and contemporary integrated ethnic economies. The chapter concludes by explaining how transnationalism links international migration, ethnic and racial identity, the changing global economy, and nation-states.

Keywords:   ethnic geography, race, ethnicity, ethnic minority groups, acculturation-assimilation, ethnicity-pluralism, ghetto, ethnic enclave, ethnic economy, transnationalism

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