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Japan and the League of NationsEmpire and World Order, 1914-1938$
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Thomas W. Burkman

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780824829827

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824829827.001.0001

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Crisis over Manchuria

Crisis over Manchuria

(p.165) 7 Crisis over Manchuria
Japan and the League of Nations

Thomas W. Burkman

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter discusses the Manchurian Incident, a staged event engineered by Japanese military personnel as a pretext for the Japanese invasion of northeastern China, known as Manchuria. On the night of September 18, 1931, Japanese railway guards reported that a bomb exploded on the South Manchurian Railway main line just north of Shenyang, known then internationally by its Manchu name of Mukden. Fighting between guards and Chinese troops followed, and by the next morning, the Guandong Army had occupied the city. This military action in Manchuria and the subsequent establishment of the puppet state of Manchukuo brought Japan into direct confrontation with the League of Nations for the first time. Eighteen months after the opening volley, Japan announced its withdrawal from the organization.

Keywords:   Manchurian Incident, Manchuria, South Manchurian Railway, Mukden, Guandong Army, Manchukuo

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