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Japan and the League of NationsEmpire and World Order, 1914-1938$
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Thomas W. Burkman

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780824829827

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824829827.001.0001

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The Great Debate

The Great Debate

(p.43) 3 The Great Debate
Japan and the League of Nations

Thomas W. Burkman

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines the debate over the Fourteen Points on November 13, 1918. The Fourteen Points referred to free navigation and the removal of economic barriers, which seemed to threaten trade discrimination against nations not party to the total peace program. On the issue of diplomacy, Viscount Itō Miyoji expressed his opposition to the outlawing of secret treaties. He also attacked freedom of the seas as “a vague notion that nations will interpret according to their own interests.” Count Makino Nobuaki, on the other hand, argued that Japan’s “old diplomacy” should be reformed through adherence to the diplomatic principles expressed in the Fourteen Points.

Keywords:   Fourteen Points, economic barriers, trade discrimination, Itō Miyoji, Makino Nobuaki, diplomatic principles

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